Iftikhar Ahmed is a Development Economist having worked at the International Labour Office (ILO) in Geneva during three decades (1974-2004) in the Employment Sector for many years having led the research programme on technology, environment and employment with a focus on gender issues. He also served as the Editor-in-Chief of the International Labour Review and Director of the ILO's Bureau of Publications. His other ILO assignments included that of the Action Research Coordinator at the ILO's International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) and Director of the ILO Office in Jakarta, Indonesia. Prior to joining the ILO, he was a Post-Doctoral Associate at the Iowa State University of Science and Technology, United States, a Visiting Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, United Kingdom, and Associate Professor of Economics, Dhaka University, Bangladesh. He is the author of Technological Change and Agrarian Structure: A study of Bangladesh (Geneva, ILO, 1981) co-editor (with Bill H. Kinsey) of Farm Equipment Innovations in Eastern and Central Southern Africa (Aldershot, United Kingdom, Gower, 1984), editor of Technology and Rural Women: Conceptual and Empirical Issues (London, George Allen & Unwin, 1985), co-editor (with Vernon W. Ruttan) of Generation and Diffusion of Agricultural Innovations: The Role of Institutional Factors (Aldershot, United Kingdom, Gower, 1988), editor of Biotechnology: A Hope or a Threat? (London, Macmillan, 1992), and co-editor (with Jacobus A. Doeleman) of Beyond Rio: The environmental Crisis and Sustainable Livelihoods in the Third World (London, Macmillan, 1995 and New York, St. Martin's Press, 1996).